Ever since 1789 presidential elections have been held every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The election begins with primary elections and caucuses, which are methods that the different states use to select a potential presidential nominee. The primary elections use ballots for the voting. Caucuses however, are local gatherings of voters who at the end of the meeting vote for a particular candidate.
After the primary elections and caucuses, the election process moves on to the political party conventions. During these conventions, the presidential nominee selects and announces a vice president running mate. The rest of the presidential election revolve around the candidates campaigning across the country to explain their views and plans to voters. Lastly the general election is held and the electoral votes are counted.
The 2016 presidential election was held this exact way.
The 2016 Republican Party presidential primaries and caucuses took place within all 50 U.S states as well as the district of Columbia and five U.S territories. The elections began on February 1 2016. By June 7 the elections had selected 2472 delegates, and later these were sent to the Republican national convention. Eventually a total of 17 major candidates entered the race – being the largest presidential primary field in American history thus far.
Trump was declared the presumptive Republican nominee on May 3, 2016. Eventually Trump received 14 010 177 votes in the primary. He decided on Mike Pence as his vice president running mate, and fronted his campaign with “Make America Great Again”.
The 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries and caucuses did, as well as the Republican Party, take place within all 50 U.S states, the district of Columbia, five U.S territories in addition to Democrats abroad. These occurred between February 1 and June 14, 2016, selecting 4051 delegates.
On June 6, 2016, the Association Press and NBC news reported that Clinton was selected as the presumptive nominee. Clinton received a total of 16 849 779 votes in the primary. She chose Tim Kaine as her vice president running mate.
During the 2016 general election Clinton early established a significant lead over Trump in national polls. From September 26 to October 19, Clinton and Trump faced their presidential debates. Here Trump focused on defending his record against charges of racism, sexism and tax avoidance. He also repeatedly drew attention to Clinton’s political record and issues that had helped him draw level in polls. However, his arguments were often describes as “thin-skinned”, “under-prepared”, “non-factual” and harsh.
Even though Clinton had lead in nearly every pre-election nationwide poll and in most swing-state polls, Trump won the 58th presidential election on Tuesday November 8, 2016. While Clinton received 2.87 million more votes than Trump did, Trump received the majority in the Electoral College. Trump took office as the 45th president, and pence as the 48th vice president, on January 20, 2017.
The 2020 United States presidential election is scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020 and will be the 59th presidential election. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses were held from February to August 2020.
Incumbent president Trump did secure the Republican nomination along with vice president Pence, this without any serious opposition. Politician Joe Biden secured the democratic nomination and on August 11, 2020, he announced lawyer and politician Kamala Harris as his vice president running mate.
However, what makes the 2020 presidential election different from the 2016 presidential election (and presidential elections in general), is that we throughout this year have faced some unique issues that can seriously impact the outcome.
Several events related to the 2020 presidential election have been altered or postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic. Due to the pandemics serious spread in the United States, and the subsequent effects such as the stay-at-home order and social distancing guidelines, the 2020 presidential candidates are unable to hold campaign rallies and public gatherings.
It is safe to say that this crisis will collide with the 2020 presidential election cycle. A US national survey, conducted early in April, found that two-thirds of Americans surveyed worry that it is very or somewhat likely that the coronavirus outbreak will significantly disrupt people’s ability to vote in the presidential election. Additionally the survey reported that over 50% favour conducting all 2020 elections by email. However this has also been strongly attacked, as many argue that not every citizen then would have the ability to vote.
During the election, numerous articles published suggest that Trump may not, or will not accept the election results, arguing that it will be “the most inaccurate and fraudulent election in history”. However, his claims will not be accepted, as such decisions must be undertaken by the Congress.
In addition to this, many believe that Trump’s performance as a president during the crisis of the covid-19 pandemic will be uppermost in the minds of millions of voters. Countless judge Trump’s and the federal government’s response to the pandemic for being far too slow and incompetent. Many argue that people have started to evaluate and question Trump’s leadership, and that this could strongly impact the outcome of the 2020 presidential election.